mechanical ventilation

EBNEO 2015 Conference Video Series: Barbara Schmidt Presents "Making Sense of the Recent Oxygen Saturation Targeting Trials in Extremely Preterm Infants"

CONFERENCE VIDEO SERIES: BARBARA SCHMIDT Watch as Barbara Schmidt discusses the strengths, weaknesses, and results of recent oxygen saturation trials in extremely preterm infants.

EBNEO 2015 Conference Video Series: Sara DeMauro presents "An Evidence Based Approach to Tracheostomy for the Chronically Ventilated Newborn"

CONFERENCE VIDEO SERIES: SARA DEMAURO Watch as Sara DeMauro discusses epidemiology, outcomes, and evidence-based analysis of timing of neonatal tracheostomy.

Permissive hypercapnia in extremely-low-birthweight infants: how far should we go?

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Permissive hypercapnia has been proposed as a way to limit ventilator-induced lung injury and prevent the development of BPD in preterm neonates. This randomized controlled trial assessed whether targeting higher PaCO2 in the first 14 days of life would prevent BPD in ELBW infants. Interim analysis revealed no benefit to permissive hypercapnia, and this study was stopped early (~20% of planned recruitment). Further study is needed to define the role of permissive hypercapnia in the NICU.

Humidification and heating of inspired gas during delivery room stabilization improves admission temperature in preterm infants

NORMOTHERMIA Maintaining normothermia in preterm infants after birth remains a challenge. Meyer and colleagues have demonstrated that the use of heated humidified gas during preterm infants stabilization improves temperature on admission to NICU. However, firm recommendations for clinical practice cannot be given at this time based on the limited evidence currently available.