CEREBRAL PALSY Strategies to accurately predict development of neurodevelopmental impairment in preterm neonates are limited. This cohort study assessed the relationship between neonatal movement and development of cerebral palsy at 2 years’ age, and found an association between absent fidgeting movements and CP development. While further study is necessary, General Movement Assessment is useful in identifying infants who may go on to develop CP.
BPD Very few proven strategies exist to prevent BPD development in VLBW neonates . This randomized controlled trial assessed the usefulness of combined intratracheal budesonide and surfactant administration in VLBWs with severe RDS in preventing BPD or death. The study revealed that treatment significantly reduced incidence of BPD or death; further study is necessary to assess cognitive outcomes in infants receiving combined budesonide and surfactant therapy.
SEPSIS Suspected early-onset sepsis requires antibiotic administration and lengthened NICU stay. This randomized controlled trial studied the non-inferiority of using procalcitonin levels to determine appropriate antibiotic discontinuation in neonates with suspected or proven early-onset sepsis. While the trial was not powered to prove non-inferiority to standard antibiotic administration, the data demonstrated that procalcitonin-guided antibiotic decisions resulted in shorter antibiotic treatment. Thus, procalcitonin measurement may be useful in treatment decisions for neonates with suspected early-onset sepsis.